Online Teaching, Guiding, and Facilitating
Online Teaching, Guiding, and Facilitating, brings together Web 2.0, constructivism, learning preferences – theory meets practice, in a safe, effective environment. The below graphics from The Hanover Research Council offers some great tips to encourage constructivism in the online environment and to help lead the student to the pool of knowledge, but allows them to drink in their preferred method.
In the online environment the student should be offered guided and independent learning opportunities. People learn, and think, in different ways. Being of the Baby Boomer generation we were too often asked to memorize historical dates, facts, and other stuff long gone. Today, children are taught how to think more about things, the give-and-take of group discussions, the questioning of a learned instructor.
Bloom’s Taxonomy helps the teacher (and independent learner) achieve thinking skills by prompting rather than telling for certain tasks. Bloom’s categorizes these critical thinking areas as Remember, Analyze, Understand, Evaluate, Apply, Create and offers prompts to stimulate as desired. To note examples:
Remember: Ask, “How would you describe…?”, “How could you explain…?”, etc.
Analyze: Ask, “Why do you think…?”, “What is the relationship…?”, etc.
Understand: Ask, “What is the main idea of…?”, “What might happen next…?”, etc.
Evaluate: Ask, “How would you feel if…?”, “Which is more important…?”, etc.
Apply: Ask, “How would you use…?”, “What would happen if…?”, etc.
Create: Ask, “What is your theory about…?”, “What is an alternative…?”, etc.
These questions from Bloom’s Taxonomy are a thousand times more useful to a student than asking “what year did Napoleon die?” The answer, by the way, is May 5, 1821 (I had to look it up).